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1855 Classification

1953 Graves Classification

Agriculture Biologique

French Agency for the Development and Promotion of Organic Agriculture

Alcohol in Moderation

Medical Research, Social & Policy, Consumer Guide

Alliance des Crus Bourgeois du Médoc

2020 Cru Bourgeois includes 250 properties, often family-owned, accounting for more than 40% of the Médoc’s production. Download the latest list of Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel (14), Cru Bourgeois Supérieur (56), and Cru Bourgeois (180) châteaux and le Cahier des Charges du classement (includes the history of the classification).

Alsace Wine Laws related to Vendange Tardive and Selection de Grains Nobles

Inspiration from German tradition: VT from spätlese (late harvest) and SGN from beerenauslese (select berries)

More than 500 VT/SGN winegrowers in Alsace as of 1989

Beverage Alcohol Resource

BAR is a 5-day mixologist program conducted annually in New York


Certifies that winegrowers in France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Switzerland and Spain farm their properties biodynamically.

Cahier des Charges - INAO

Specifications for wine appellations in France can be obtained from the INAO home page:
1. Click on Professional space and tools ("Espace pro et outils")
2. Click on Search for a product ("Rechercher un produit")
3. Enter search criteria* then click the Start a search ("Lancer la recherche") button
4. Click on results to list matching detailed sheets ("Fiche détaillée")
5. Click on the desired detailed sheet to obtain the Product Sheet ("Fiche produit")
6. Download the specifications ("Cahier des Charges")

* Example search criteria:
Types=Vin tranquille

Note: Also see the Official Bulletin of the French Ministry of Agriculture and Food

Cahier des Charges - Official Bulletin of the French Ministry of Agriculture and Food

For example, enter "Chateaumeillant Cahier des Charges" in full text ("plein text") search box

Cahier des charges de l'Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) Cognac

AOC Cognac or Eau-de-vie de Cognac or Eau-de-vie des Charentes

Cahiers des charges des AOC de Loire

Links to the Loire Valley AOC specifications

California Certified Organic Farmers

California Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control

Licensee Education on Alcohol and Drugs (LEAD) and Responsible Beverage Service (RBS) training

Cava de Paraje Calificado

Single-vineyard CPC sparkling wines come from many soils (sandy granite, slate, calcareous, clay, loam) and microclimates. Xarel.lo is the most preferred variety but may be blended with Macabeo and/or Parellada. Chardonnay and Pinot Noir are also used. Most age their wines for much longer than 36 months minimum age. Vines must be at least 10 years old, with lower yields.

Chile Decree No. 521 on the Establishment of the Regulations for the Appellation of Origin 'Pisco'

Committee for the History of Agricultural Offices in France

La Société des Alcools Viticoles (SAV), supervisors of inexpensive French brandy outside the AOC system, was merged into L'Office National Interprofessionnel des Vins (ONIVINS)

Consejo Regulador del Cava

Cava Regulatory Council

Consejo Regulador for Rioja Denominación de Origen Calificada (DOCa)

Designation, Rioja Grapes, Wines, Vintages, Wineries, Wine Routes and Villages, News and Events, Rioja WIne Academy, Rioja WIne TV, Consejo Regulador Magazine, Statistics, Mobile App (only available in Spain), and resources for registered grape growers and winemakers

Also see
Moble App:

Consorzio Per La Tutela Dei Vini Valpolicella

The Consortium for the protection of Valpolicella wines protects and promotes Valpolicella, Valpolicella Ripasso, Amarone della Valpolicella and Recioto della Valpolicella.

Consorzio di Tutela del Soave

Defined 33 crus ("unita geografiche aggiuntive") to recognize vineyards that have historically produced wines that express terroir

Cornell University Viticulture and Enology

Cru Bourgeois Members


Demeter USA is the only certifier for Biodynamic farms and products in America. It sets stricter requirements than those of the National Organic Program.

Dept. of Agr. National Organic Program

EU Agriculture and Rural Development

Database of AOP/PGI agricultural products


European Union laws

El Consejo Regulador del Cava

CAVA 2017 download describes the new quality tier, Cava de Paraje Calificado

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, Title 27, Subchapter A

U.S. Regulations regarding Alcohol:
Part 5 - Labeling and Advertising of Distilled Spirits
Part 9 - American Viticultural Areas
Part 16 - Alcoholic Beverage Health Warning Statement
Part 24 - Wine
Part 25 - Beer

European Spirits Regulation (EC) No 110/2008

Regulation (EC) No 110/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 January 2008 on the definition, description, presentation, labelling and the protection of geographical indications of spirit drinks

Federal Register

search for "wine"


National Establishment of Agricultural and Marine Products organizes exchanges between between the private and public sectors in France

French legal regulations

Guardians of Rum

Rules, Laws, and Geographic Indications for Barbados, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, and the U.S.

International Federation of Wine & Spirits

FIVS is an international federation that works for the overall sustainability of the global alcohol beverage sector.

International Organisation of Vine and Wine

FIVS-Abridge is a comprehensive database of alcohol beverage regulations and trade agreements from around the world.

Irish Whiskey & Poteen PGI

Defines the 4 types of Irish Whiskey

Also see the Irish Whiskey Act, 1980

Irish Whiskey Act, 1980

Also see the Geographical Indication for Irish Whiskey & Irish Poteen

Italy's "Single Wine Text"

The "single wine text" brings together the main Italian regulations in force regarding the cultivation of vines and the production and marketing of wine.

Italy's heroic and historic vineyards

MiPAAF (Ministero delle politiche agricole alimentari e forestali) is the Italian Ministry of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies


Consejo Regulador is the governing body

L’Institut National de l’Origine et de la Qualité (INAO)

Wine appellations in France

Monash University

Tutorials on Acidity, VA, SO2, Alcohol

National Agricultural Statistics Service

National Organic Program

U.S. Code of Federal Regulations Title 7 Subtitle B Chapter I Subchapter M Part 205

New Zealand Winegrowers

Official Journal of the French Republic

If a text published in the OJ does not specify its effective date, the text enters into force the day after the day of its publication.

SA Wine Industry Information and Systems

Wine appellations in South Africa

Saint-Emilion Classification

ServSafe Alcohol

Sherry Consejo Regulador

Regulatory council of Jerez-Xérès-Sherry

TTB Scientific Services

TTB list of U.S. and Foreign Appellations

Tequila Specifications

Official Mexican STANDARD NOM-006-SCFI-2012, Alcoholic beverages-Tequila-Specifications

The Beverage Alcohol Manual

U.S. Department of the Treasury Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) governing laws and regulations. Volume 2: Basic Mandatory Labeling Information for DISTILLED SPIRITS, Volume 3: Basic Mandatory Labeling Information for MALT BEVERAGES

The EU Register of PDO and PGI regulations

Protected Designations of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indications (PGI)

U.S. Standards of Identity for Distilled Spirits

U.S. code of federal regulations

U.S. Wine Appellations

Wine appellations in the U.S.A

Verband Deutscher Pradikatsweinguter

The Verband deutscher Prädikatsweingüter (VDP) is the Association of German Prädikat Wine Estates

Wine Australia

Australian Wine and Brandy Corporation before 2010

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